Twenty-nine years ago, on November 9, 1989, as the cold war began to end all over Eastern Europe, the East Berlin’s Communist Party through its spokesman announced that starting at midnight of that day all citizens of the GDR may cross the country’s borders.
Berliners from both sides gathered at the wall and had “the greatest street party in history.” People brought with them beers and bottles of champagne, there was cheering and chanting “Tor auf!” or open the gate!
That weekend, more than 2 million people from East Berlin went to West Berlind and joined in the celebration. They used hammers and picks to breakdown the wall and they were called “mauerspechte,” or “wall woodpeckers.”
Then came the bulldozers and heavy equipment to tear down the wall and soon the wall that divided the east and the west was gone. It was the first time since 1945.
This event created a ripple effect and it reached Moscow that caused the fall of the Soviet Union’s empire, ending the communist rule since World War 1.